[Ccs] FW: Cuba Facts: Comparative Historical Health Statistics

Barrios, Maura barrios at iac.usf.edu
Fri Apr 23 14:02:19 EDT 2004


 	 

 

 

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Sent: Thursday, April 22, 2004 5:06 PM
To: Barrios, Maura
Subject: Cuba Facts: Comparative Historical Health Statistics 

 

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	CUBA FACTS


	Issue 4- April 2004


 

 

 

Cuba Facts is an ongoing series of succinct fact sheets on various
topics, including, but not limited to, political structure, health,
economy, education, nutrition, labor, business, foreign investment, and
demographics, published and updated on a regular basis. Cuba Facts is
prepared by CTP staff. All data is verified and sources are on file and
available upon request.

 

COMPARATIVE HISTORICAL HEALTH STATISTICS: BEFORE AND AFTER THE
REVOLUTION

Hospitals and Clinics 

Year

Total Hospitals and Clinics 

with less than 50 beds 

with 50-99 beds 

with 100-199 beds 

with 200-399 

with 400 + beds 

1958

337

214

65

32

15

11

2002 

264

99

38

52

45

31

 

Source: Government of Cuba, Anuario Estadistico de Cuba, 2002

Under-Five Mortality

Under-Five Mortality Rate (per 1,000 live births): 1960, 1990, 2000 

Average Annual Reduction in Under-Five Mortality

 

Country

1960

1990 

2000

1960-1990

1990-2000

Cuba

54

13

9

4.7

3.7

Spain

57

9

5

6.2

5.9

Costa Rica

112

16

12

6.5

2.9

Brazil

177

60

38

3.6

4.6

Croatia

98

13

9

6.7

3.7

Malaysia 

105

21

9

5.4

8.5

 

Source: UNICEF, State of the World's Children, 2002

Infant Mortality

Infant Mortality Deaths (per 1,000 live births): 1957, 2000

 

Country 

1957

2000 

Cuba

32

7

France

34

4

Belgium

36

6

Israel

39

6

Japan

40

4

Austria

44

5

Italy

50

6

Spain

53

5 

 

Source: US Department of State, Zenith and Eclipse, 1998 

Top Latin American Countries in Infant Mortality Reduction, 1900-1960 

Country

Infant deaths (per 1,000 live births): 1900-1904 

Infant deaths (per 1,000 live births): 1960 

Infant mortality percent decline: 1900-1960 

Cuba

136

39

71 %

Venezuela

169

56

67 %

Argentina

146

60

59 %

Costa Rica

208

87

58 %

Colombia

186

79

58 %

Mexico

220

94

57 %

Panama 

130

58

55 %

Chile

261

118

55 % 

 

Source: McGuire & Frankel, Mortality Decline in Cuba, 1900-1959, 2003

Top Latin American Countries in Infant Mortality Reduction, 1960-1995

Country

Infant mortality: 1960 

Infant mortality: 1995

Infant mortality percent decline: 1960-1995 

Chile

118

11

91 %

Costa Rica

87

12

86 % 

El Salvador

129

25

81 %

Honduras

137

29

79 % 

Cuba 

39

9

77 % 

 

Source: McGuire & Frankel, Mortality Decline in Cuba, 1900-1959, 2003

Public Health Expenditure

Public Health Expenditure 

1958 

2001 

Per Capita in Cuban pesos

3.72 

159.99 

Per Capita (in US dollars)*

$3.64

$7.62

 

Source: Government of Cuba, Anuario Estadistico de Cuba, 2002 

 

* Note: The Cuban peso (CUP) stood at 1.02 to US$1.00 in 1958 (cf.
Estudio sobre Cuba, 1963). During most of 2001, the Cuban peso traded at
CUP 21 to US$1. The Cuban central bank offically devalued the peso in
Oct. 2001 to the current exchange rate of CUP 26 to US$1. 

Physicians in Cuba, 1958 and 2004

Year

Total Number of Physicians 

1957

6,500 

 

2004

68,155

 

Sources: Estudio sobre Cuba, Univ. of Miami, 1963; Granma, 3/24/04 

Physicians per 10,000 Inhabitants, 1957 and 2002

1957 

10.0 

2002

59.0 

 

Sources: McGuire & Frankel; UNDP Human Development Report, 2003

____________________________________________

Sources

Anuario Estadistico de Cuba 2002 (Havana: Oficina Nacional de
Estadisticas, 2002).

Estudio sobre Cuba (University of Miami: Grupo de Investigaciones
Economicas, 1963)

Granma, "La inteligencia cultivada vale mucho mas que el oro," 24 March
2004.

International Institute for Strategic Studies, The Military Balance,
2002-2003.

McGuire, J. and Frankel, L., "Mortality Decline in Cuba, 1900-1959:
Patterns, Comparisons, and Causes," (paper presented at the meeting of
the Latin American Studies Association, Dallas, Texas, March 27-29,
2003).

UNDP Human Development Report, 2003.

UNICEF State of the World's Children, 2002.

U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Inter-American Affairs, " Zenith and
Eclipse: A Comparative Look at Socio-Economic Conditions in Pre-Castro
and Present-Day Cuba," 1998.

 

The CTP can be contacted at P.O. Box 248174, Coral Gables, Florida
33124-3010, Tel: 305-284-CUBA (2822), Fax: 305-284-4875, and by email at
ctp.iccas at miami.edu <http://ctp.icca.miami.edu> . The CTP Website is
accessible at http://ctp.iccas.miami.edu.

.

 

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